::: 網站導覽 English VersionEnglish 列印友善列印 搜尋說明
學術活動 > 學術演講及專題研討

學術演講及專題研討 (2024)

本所學術演講每週三下午2:20~3:20邀請國內外學者報告最新天文發展,歡迎大家參與,精選影片可在本所Youtube 頻道收看。

中研院/臺大聯合學術演講系列中,我們將邀請世界知名研究人員報告物理科學領域最新發展及長程展望。

連絡窗口: 研討會委員 (talks_replace2@_asiaa.sinica.edu.tw)

近期專題研討: 2024-03-05 Tue 14:20~15:20 [R1203]
講者:Tomomi Sunayama
講題:Precision cosmology with galaxies and galaxy clusters - projects and prospects with ongoing and future galaxy surveys
摘要:Over the next decade, large galaxy surveys will map billions of galaxies and probe cosmic structure with high statistical precision. Their ultimate goal is to develop a comprehensive model that describes the Universe from end to end. In this talk, I will introduce two of the most powerful cosmological probes: galaxy clusters and galaxy clustering. These probes offer insights into the growth of cosmic structures spanning back up to 11 billion years. By harnessing ongoing and forthcoming galaxy surveys such as the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), the Rubin Observatory's Legacy Survey of Space and Time (LSST), Subaru Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS), and the Roman Space Telescope, we can measure the growth of structure with unprecedented precision. I will discuss the opportunities and challenges inherent in these galaxy surveys.
近期學術演講: 2024-03-06 Wed 14:20~15:20 [R1203]
講者:Liton Majumdar
講題:Constraining the initial conditions for the formation of extra-solar planets and their atmospheres
摘要:Protoplanetary disks serve as the sites where exoplanets are formed. Observations of these sites that give birth to planets reveal a wide range of temperatures, densities, and distribution of various molecules. The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) has ushered in a new era in the study of protoplanetary disks, enabling us to explore the physics and chemistry of the outer regions of these disks. With the arrival of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), we can now delve much deeper into the inner regions of the disks and also investigate icy volatiles in colder regions. The combined contributions of these two instruments can provide us with greater clarity on the formation of exoplanets and the chemical inventory they inherit from protoplanetary disks. Modeling protoplanetary disks can bridge the gap between our theoretical understanding of exoplanet formation and its connection to atmospheres. Here, we introduce PEGASIS (Protoplanetary Disk and Envelope model for Emissions from GAS and Ice Absorption Simulations), a physicochemical model capable of simulating dust, cold gases, hot gases, and ices in both disks and envelopes.
No. 時間地點 講者 題目/摘要
download PDF: 下載 PDF
Host
12024-05-29 Wed
14:20~15:20
R1203
Stephen Appleby
[APCTP]
學術討論會
Junsup Shim
22024-05-22 Wed
14:20~15:20
R1203
Harish Vedantham
[ASTRON]
學術討論會
Mayank Narang
32024-05-08 Wed
14:20~15:20
R1203
Fu-Heng Liang
[ESO/Oxford]
學術討論會
Li-Hwai Lin
42024-04-24 Wed
14:20~15:20
R1203
Salvatore Orlando
[INAF]
學術討論會
Ke-Jung Chen
52024-04-18 Thu
14:20~15:20
R1203
Toshifumi Futamase
[Tohoku University]
專題研討
Keiichi Umetsu
62024-04-17 Wed
14:20~15:20
R1203
David Schlegel
[LBNL]
學術討論會
Yen-Ting Lin
72024-04-16 Tue
14:20~15:20
R104, CCMS-New Phys. building
David Schlegel
[Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory]
中研院/臺大學術討論會
TC
82024-04-03 Wed
14:20~15:20
R1203
Emmanuel Schaan
[SLAC]
學術討論會
Yi-Kuan Chiang
92024-03-28 Thu
14:20~15:50
R1203
Yusei Koyama
[NAOJ]
專題研討
Li-Hwai Lin
102024-03-27 Wed
14:20~15:20
R1203
Anders Johansen
[University of Copenhagen]
學術討論會
Min-Kai Lin
112024-03-27 Wed
11:00~13:00
R1203
James Stone
[Institute for Advanced Study]
理論天文專題研討
Athena++
 
122024-03-22 Fri
11:00~12:30
R1412
Susana Lizano
[UNAM, Morelia]
理論天文專題研討
 
132024-03-20 Wed
14:20~15:20
R1203
Kotaro Kohno
[University of Tokyo]
學術討論會
TC
142024-03-19 Tue
14:20~15:20
R104, CCMS-New Phys. building
Anne Dutrey
[Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux]
中研院/臺大學術討論會
Hsi-Wei Yen
152024-03-13 Wed
14:20~15:20
R1203
Jenny Wagner
[Bahamas Advanced Study Institute & Conferences]
學術討論會
Lensing of '69 -- Free gravitational lensing from its heuristic models
摘要

Strong gravitational lenses are massive cosmic objects, like galaxies or galaxy clusters, which can map an extended background source, like a galaxy, into several highly distorted and magnified images. Analysing the properties of those images yields important information about the distribution of the deflecting mass and the background source. Common approaches to reconstruct the source or the deflecting mass distribution model the global properties of the source and the lens. They obtain a consistent description of the entire configuration by refining the model until it matches the observation to a predefined precision.

Here, I introduce a new approach to infer local properties of the gravitational lens and to reconstruct the source only using the properties of the multiple images without assuming a lens or a source model. The approach can be applied to galaxy or galaxy-cluster lenses in the same way and yields the maximum information all lens models agree upon. Showcasing two example lenses, I highlight 1) how to obtain a smoothness scale for dark matter with it from only three multiple images in a newly discovered cluster and 2) how to identify and resolve limits of lens models that may lead to highly unrealistic dark matter properties.

Since data is still sparse at the moment but of increasing level of detail, a model selection to find an appropriate mass density profile is also needed to reduce the increasing amount of computing time when fitting a detailed lens model to the data. Most models are currently based on heuristical fitting functions inferred from simulations. Hence, they lack an explanation for their suitability based on fundamental physical principles. To overcome this issue, I will show how the most common mass density profiles, in particular the famous Navarro-Frenk-White profile found in many simulations, can be derived from symmetry arguments and conservation laws.

References: - Lens method overview: https://arxiv.org/abs/1906.05285 - Examples: https://arxiv.org/abs/2207.01630 and https://arxiv.org/abs/2306.11779 - Derivation of power-law models: https://arxiv.org/abs/2002.00960

Ue-Li Pen
162024-03-12 Tue
14:20~15:20
R1203
Michael H. Wong
[UC Berkeley]
專題研討
10 Years of Annual Hubble Space Telescope Imaging of the Giant Planets
摘要

The Outer Planet Atmospheres Legacy (OPAL) program with Hubble was started in 2014 with the goal of studying time-domain phenomena in Jupiter, Uranus, and Neptune, with Saturn added in 2018 once the Cassini spacecraft was de-orbited. Once a year, the OPAL program images each of our four outer planets, producing pairs of global maps in multiple filters, which are made available at the MAST archive. The OPAL team (Simon, Wong, and Orton) have used the data to discover new dark spots on Neptune, discover a UV-dark oval in Jupiter's southern polar haze cap, measure changes in Jupiter's Great Red Spot over time, detect fine-scale waves, chronicle shifts in haze and cloud layers on all four planets, measure jet streams, and study the structure and evolution of convective storms. The data have also provided a valuable resource enhancing the science return from the Juno and New Horizons spacecraft missions, also supplementing observations from a growing list of observatories including JWST, Kepler, Spitzer, VLA, Keck, ALMA, IRTF, VLT, and Gemini.

Shiang-Yu Wang
172024-03-08 Fri
14:20~15:20
R1203
Maciek Wielgus
[Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy]
專題研討
Radio-bright future of studying black holes
摘要

I will discuss the exciting perspectives related to the near future observations of supermassive black holes at mm/sub-mm wavelengths. Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) is delivering images of subsequent AGN sources, while continuously expanding its capabilities, adding new facilities such as the Greenland Telescope, and testing observations at 345 GHz frequency. These observations correspond to the most central part of AGN sources we were ever able to resolve, opening tantalizing possibilities to study the region of jet formation, collimation, and acceleration and advancing our understanding of the physics of these extreme systems. Some fundamental questions to answer are related to the role of magnetic fields and general relativistic effects around a spinning black hole, location of the jet acceleration zone and its relation to the high energy emission. There is a lot to learn from observations of individual sources such as M87, Centaurus A, 3C 84, or 3C 279, but it is also extremely interesting to study a population of sources imaged at mm wavelength for the first time. In particular, our Galactic Center black hole Sagittarius A* is an uniquely interesting mm/sub-mm source, in which horizon-scale dynamics of a low accretion rate system can be studied. This is very exciting in the context of the source flaring, which we are trying to understand in a theoretical framework of the quasiperiodic flux eruptions expected for magnetically dominated accretion systems. Near future time domain analysis of a collection of mm/sub-mm light curves of Sagittarius A*, along with new coordinated multiwavelength observations, and perhaps even resolved (both in space and in time) observations of the EHT will necessarily shed light on the physical mechanism behind flares and high energy emission, as well as on the importance of magnetic fields in the systems similar to Sagittarius A*.

 
182024-03-06 Wed
14:20~15:20
R1203
Liton Majumdar
[NISER]
學術討論會
Constraining the initial conditions for the formation of extra-solar planets and their atmospheres
摘要

Protoplanetary disks serve as the sites where exoplanets are formed. Observations of these sites that give birth to planets reveal a wide range of temperatures, densities, and distribution of various molecules. The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) has ushered in a new era in the study of protoplanetary disks, enabling us to explore the physics and chemistry of the outer regions of these disks. With the arrival of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), we can now delve much deeper into the inner regions of the disks and also investigate icy volatiles in colder regions. The combined contributions of these two instruments can provide us with greater clarity on the formation of exoplanets and the chemical inventory they inherit from protoplanetary disks. Modeling protoplanetary disks can bridge the gap between our theoretical understanding of exoplanet formation and its connection to atmospheres. Here, we introduce PEGASIS (Protoplanetary Disk and Envelope model for Emissions from GAS and Ice Absorption Simulations), a physicochemical model capable of simulating dust, cold gases, hot gases, and ices in both disks and envelopes.

Sheng-Yuan Liu
192024-03-05 Tue
14:20~15:20
R1203
Tomomi Sunayama
[University of Arizona]
專題研討
Precision cosmology with galaxies and galaxy clusters - projects and prospects with ongoing and future galaxy surveys
摘要

Over the next decade, large galaxy surveys will map billions of galaxies and probe cosmic structure with high statistical precision. Their ultimate goal is to develop a comprehensive model that describes the Universe from end to end. In this talk, I will introduce two of the most powerful cosmological probes: galaxy clusters and galaxy clustering. These probes offer insights into the growth of cosmic structures spanning back up to 11 billion years. By harnessing ongoing and forthcoming galaxy surveys such as the Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI), the Rubin Observatory's Legacy Survey of Space and Time (LSST), Subaru Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS), and the Roman Space Telescope, we can measure the growth of structure with unprecedented precision. I will discuss the opportunities and challenges inherent in these galaxy surveys.

 
202024-02-29 Thu
14:20~15:20
R1203
Seamus Clarke
[ASIAA]
專題研討
Filaments in a multi-scale framework of star formation
摘要

Star formation is a process covering orders of magnitude in spatial and density scales, manifesting as a hierarchy of interacting structures. This necessitates that any complete study of this process must be multi-scale by nature. In this talk I will present my work showcasing the key role that filaments play across spatial scales and how they shape star formation, from >10 pc molecular clouds down to 100 AU protostellar disks. Using a combination of numerical hydrodynamical simulations with molecular line and dust continuum observations, I will focus on addressing a number of open questions surrounding filaments in this multi-scale framework: How do filaments fragment into cores/clumps? How does feedback interact with filaments? How are filaments shaped by their environment? I will conclude by introducing the new ASIAA-SMA key project STREAMS, which will homogeneously calculate the turbulent, magnetic and gravitational energies across multiple scales for 23 massive, star-forming clumps. With its combination of multiple datasets and large sample size, STREAMS will answer the many key, open questions about multi-scale energetics and its link to fragmentation, and high-mass star and cluster formation.

 
212024-02-26 Mon
11:00~12:00
R7S1, Cosmology Hall
Jia Liu
[IPMU]
理論天文專題研討
[Joint LeCosPA-ASIAA Seminar] Cosmology with Massive Neutrinos
摘要

Abstract: Ghostly neutrino particles continue to bring surprises to fundamental physics, from their existence to the phenomenon of neutrino oscillation, which implies their nonzero masses. Their exact masses, among the most curious unknowns beyond the Standard Model of particle physics, can soon be probed by the joint analysis of ongoing and upcoming cosmological surveys including Rubin LSST, Euclid, Roman, DESI, PFS, Simons Observatory, CMB-S4, and LiteBRID. In this talk, I will discuss ongoing works studying the effects of massive neutrinos and will draw a roadmap towards discovering the neutrino mass over the next decade. Bio: Jia Liu (https://liuxx479.github.io/) is a computational and observational cosmologist. Liu is an associate professor at Kavli IPMU in the University of Tokyo and the director of the recently established Center for Data-Driven Discovery (CD3) at Kavli IPMU. Liu received her PhD from Columbia University in 2016, was an NSF postdoctoral fellow at Princeton (2016-2019) and a BCCP postdoctoral fellow at UC Berkeley (2019-2021).

 
222024-02-21 Wed
14:20~15:20
R1203
Ya-Lin Wu
[NTNU]
學術討論會
Monitoring accreting brown dwarfs at Lulin
摘要

Variability of mass accretion provides important information about disk evolution and the geometry of the accretion flows. While there are many studies focusing on young stars, accretion monitoring in the substellar regime has been relatively uncommon. At optical wavelengths, the H-alpha emission is a bright accretion tracer, proving an opportunity to observe young brown dwarfs with small telescopes. In this talk, I will introduce our ongoing efforts of monitoring brown dwarfs with the one-meter telescope at Lulin Observatory and present the preliminary results.

 
232024-02-16 Fri
14:20~15:20
R1203
Chun-Hao To
[OSU]
專題研討
Multi-probe cosmology: challenges and opportunities in the next decade
摘要

In the next decade, large cosmological surveys will map billions of galaxies and measure cosmic structure to unprecedented precision via multiple cosmological probes. Using results from the Dark Energy Survey as an example, this talk will outline the challenges and opportunities of cosmological analyses in the presence of rich astrophysics and observational systematics. In particular, I will describe different cosmological probes measured from the Dark Energy Survey and summarize recent progress on joint analyses of galaxy clustering, weak lensing, and galaxy cluster abundances. I will then highlight the challenges for future, larger experiments such as Rubin Observatory's LSST and describe our progress in tackling these challenges through sophisticated simulations and an AI-enhanced analysis pipeline. I will conclude the talk by identifying a unique opportunity for overlapping imaging surveys and Cosmic Microwave Background surveys that will unlock the constraining power of small-scale weak gravitational lensing measurements.

 
242024-02-07 Wed
14:45~15:30
R1412 & meet.google.com/tdw-qxix-tki
Chayan Mondal
[IUCAA]
專題研討
AstroSat UV Deep Field - A unique view of the distant galaxies
摘要

Observation of deep fields provides a unique scope to explore multiple aspects of extragalactic astronomy by effectively detecting the faintest objects in the distant universe. We utilize the unique angular resolution, sensitivity, and field of view of the Ultra-Violet Imaging Telescope (UVIT) onboard AstroSat to perform deep imaging of the GOODS-north field in the FUV and NUV bands reaching a 3$\sigma$ depth of ~ 27.3 AB mag. Our UV flux measurements of the identified sources complement existing rich multiband data in the GOODS-N field and enable us to probe properties of galaxies between redshift ~ 0 and 1. We study the internal dust extinction of galaxies by constraining their UV continuum slope (bet). Combining with HST F275W, F336W, and KPNO U bands, the UVIT data helped us to estimate beta of 465 galaxies between redshift 0.40 and 0.75. Our beta measurements add new data points to the least-explored redshift regime, further reinforcing the gradual reddening of the galaxy UV continuum with cosmic time. Using a sub-sample of 83 galaxies, we further constrained the beta - IRX law at redshift ~0.5. I Will also discuss how observation of AstroSat UV deep field is unique to constrain the faint end slope of UV Luminosity Function, testing the nature of SFR scaling relation, and finally to search for Lyman Continuum leaking galaxies beyond redshift ~ 1, which are important to understand galaxy evolution and cosmic reionization process.

 
252024-02-07 Wed
14:00~14:45
R1412
Konstantin Gerbig
[Yale]
專題研討
Novel insights in planet formation: Formation of dusty filaments & orbital alignment in binary systems
摘要

Planet formation within protoplanetary disks presents an array of unsolved questions, two of which I aim to address in this talk.

First, I'll explore how dust is concentrated to densities sufficiently high for the on-set of planetesimal formation. By drawing a parallel to the formation of underwater sand ripples, I introduce a novel linear, axisymmetric instability capable of transforming turbulent dust regions in a disk's mid-plane into dense, azimuthally stretched filaments. This process hinges on a rapid decrease in diffusivity with heightened dust concentration, a premise supported by our numerical simulations where dust-gas interactions self-generate turbulent diffusion.

Second, I will discuss planet-hosting (wide) binary systems, where recent studies suggest a prevalence of coplanar arrangement of planetary and binary orbits. I propose that this alignment, along with observed obliquity distributions in exoplanetary systems, can be attributed to viscous dissipation in the disk during binary-driven precession. Moreover, our analysis predicts that the alignment tendency should weaken as the binary stellar mass ratio increases, and indeed, I will present new evidence for this trend in TESS data of exoplanet-hosting binaries.

 
262024-01-31 Wed
14:45~15:30
R1412 & meet.google.com/qqi-gnyt-vxm
Sunil Simha
[UC Santa Cruz]
專題研討
Mapping the cosmic web along FRB sightlines
摘要

Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are among the newest tools in observational astrophysicists’ repertoire to study ionized gas. Their unique, millisecond-duration radio signal is subject to propagation effects in the intervening plasma. One such effect is the plasma dispersion of FRB pulses. FRB dispersion measures (DMs) quantify the net free electron column density through the sightline. FRB DMs can be precisely measured (~0.1%) and thus are sensitive to the most diffuse plasma in the intergalactic medium (IGM) that traditional probes have found challenging to illuminate. This ability to provide novel constraints on plasma has motivated studies of the circumgalactic medium (CGM) of galaxies intersecting FRB sightlines and the cosmic web filaments of the IGM. In my talk, I will highlight some of the work already done leveraging FRBs and introduce the FLIMFLAM survey. The survey is an ongoing endeavor to map foreground matter density along ~20 FRB sightlines. To this end, the survey measures spectroscopic redshifts of the foreground galaxies. Its ultimate aim is to produce statistical constraints on key parameters describing matter distribution in the universe, including the fractions of ionized baryons residing in the diffuse IGM and the virialized gas of halos. We expect our first data release by the end of 2023. Meanwhile, some of our recent work focuses on interesting sightlines that exhibit unusually large DMs. Through foreground mapping, we confirm large host galaxy DMs in some sightlines while others show numerous foreground structures. I will also discuss one sightline where foreground mapping revealed cluster gas that enhanced the DM. I will end with prospects for FRB-based analyses in the near future that I'm excited for.

 
272024-01-31 Wed
14:00~14:45
R1412
Hiddo Algera
[Hiroshima University]
專題研討
The Dust and Interstellar Medium Properties of Galaxies in the Epoch of Reionization
摘要

Over the last decade, ALMA has revolutionized our understanding of the interstellar medium (ISM) conditions of distant galaxies. For one, ALMA has now detected (sub-)millimeter continuum emission from dozens of galaxies at z > 6.5, establishing the importance of dust-obscured star formation already within the first 800 Myr after the Big Bang. Moreover, through various bright emission line diagnostics such as [CII]158 and [OIII]88, ALMA can be used to directly study the physical conditions and kinematics of the ISM within the earliest galaxies.

In this talk, I will review what we have learned about the dust and interstellar medium properties of high-redshift galaxies, focusing specifically on the Cycle 7 ALMA Large Program REBELS and its follow-up studies. In addition, I will present recently taken JWST/NIRSpec IFU observations of REBELS sources and discuss how we can use the combined power of ALMA and JWST to learn about early dust build-up in galaxies.

 
282024-01-24 Wed
14:20~15:20
R1203
Chandra Shekhar Saraf
[KASI]
專題研討
Tomographic cross-correlation of the CMB lensing and galaxy clustering - systematic errors from redshift bin mismatch of galaxies
摘要

The effect of gravitational lensing of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) provides a unique opportunity to obtain a picture of the gravitational potential of the large-scale structure of the Universe at very high redshifts. Tomographic cross-correlation of the gravitational potential with other tracers of the large-scale structure at known redshifts allows tracing the evolution of the structure and testing cosmological models. However, the analysis of upcoming data will require a very good understanding of any systematic errors that may bias cross-correlation measurements. In this talk we will present studies of systematic errors arising from redshift bin mismatch of galaxies with photometric redshift uncertainties. We show their impact on the cross-correlation measurement and cosmological parameter estimates for future data sets. We also present an efficient method for removing the errors.

 
292024-01-22 Mon
14:20~15:20
R1203
Brandon Hensley
[JPL]
學術討論會
Rethinking the Nature of Interstellar Dust
摘要

Interstellar dust has long been modeled with separate silicate and graphite/amorphous carbon components. In this talk, I will argue that initially distinct populations of stardust get rapidly homogenized in the ISM into a composite material ("astrodust"). I will show that the astrodust+PAH model is compatible with current observational constraints on dust extinction and emission in the diffuse ISM, and that it provides a more natural explanation for the observed polarized emission than do two-component models. I will discuss implications for the lifecycle of dust in galaxies.

 
302024-01-17 Wed
14:20~15:20
R1203
Ming-Tang Chen
[ASIAA]
學術討論會
The Greenland Telescope, Black Hole Shadow, and Photon Ring
摘要

The Greenland Telescope [i] started scientific observations in 2018. Currently, the Telescope is located at Pituffik Space Base (PSB) in the northwestern corner of Greenland and has participated in the observing campaigns of the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) and the Global Millimeter-wave VLBI Array(GMVA). The first scientific results featuring the GLT revealed a panoramic picture of the black hole and its jet at a 3 mm wavelength [ii]. The next GLT result will come from the 2018 EHT observations, displaying a sharper black hole image at 1.3 mm. As is expected, many new and exciting research outcomes will be published from the observations after 2018.

The next stage of the GLT project aims to capture the most distinctive signature of general relativity–the photon rings. In their current planning, the EHT and its next-generation follow-up cannot resolve the features of the photon rings because of the lack of the required angular resolution. To achieve such a scientific breakthrough, we will relocate the GLT to Summit Station and conduct observations at 600 GHz and higher. I will present the status of the GLT and its plan for achieving our next goals.

[i] Ming-Tang Chen et al 2023 PASP 135 095001
[ii] Lu, R.-S., Asada, K., Krichbaum, T. P., et al. 2023, Nature, 616, 686

 
312024-01-03 Wed
14:20~15:20
R1203
Cheng Chen
[University of Leeds]
學術討論會
Dancing with the binary: diverse orbital dynamics and stability around circumbinary systems
摘要

Recent observations have revealed that circumbinary disks misaligned to the binary orbit could be common in the universe. Dissipation in the disc causes it to move either towards coplanar alignment or polar alignment. In the polar configuration, the disc is perpendicular to the binary orbit, with the disc angular momentum vector aligned to the binary eccentricity vector. Since planets form inside disks, circumbinary planets may also form misaligned to the binary orbit. We explore the dynamical evolution and stability of misaligned circumbinary planets. We find that around eccentric binaries, the most stable orbits are those that are close to a polar alignment. Moreover, we find that two circumbinary planets in the same system may result in complicated orbital dynamics and resonances. These interactions could efficiently lead to the formation of free-floating planets because hosting multiple planets around a binary is more challenging than in a single star system.

 
電話: 886-2-3365-2200 傳真: 886-2-2367-7849
一般事務: asiaa_replace2@_asiaa.sinica.edu.tw 媒體連絡: epo_replace2@_asiaa.sinica.edu.tw
台北市10617羅斯福路四段1號 中央研究院/台灣大學天文數學館11樓