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People > Research Fellow > Curriculum Vita
ALMA Revealing the Pseudo-disk, Keplerian Rotating disk, and Jet in the Very Young Protostellar System HH 212
1st Front End Service Vehicle (FESV) arrived AOS
A rotating disk (from the SMA observations) is detected around a protostar launching a powerful jet in Orion
CRL 618
Extreme Active Molecular Jets in L1448C
Collimated fast winds in Preplanetary Nebulae
The Reflection-Symmetric Wiggle of the Young Protostellar Jet HH211
The HH212 molecular jet
Lee, Chin-Fei
Deputy Director; Research Fellow
photo of Lee, Chin-Fei
Office: ASMAB 1318
TEL: +886-2-2366-5445
FAX: +886-2-2367-7849
Email: cflee_replace2@_asiaa.sinica.edu.tw

Education and Positions

  • PI, ALMA-Taiwan Project (2019~present)
  • Manager, ASIAA CASA Development Center for ALMA (2016~present)
  • Deputy Director, ASIAA (2017~present)
  • Joint Professor, National Taiwan University (2015~present)
  • Research Fellow, ASIAA (2015~present)
  • co-PI, ALMA-Taiwan Project (2016~2019)
  • Time Allocation Committee for Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) (2015~2017)
  • East-Asia ALMA Scientific Advisory Committee (2011~2014)
  • Associate Research Fellow, ASIAA (2010~2014)
  • Adjunct Associate Professor, National Taiwan Normal University (2010~2014)
  • Manager, Taiwan ALMA Regional Center (ARC) Node (2009~2015)
  • Adjunct Assistant Professor, National Taiwan Normal University (2008~2010)
  • Time Allocation Committee for Submillimeter Array (SMA) (2007~2008)
  • Assistant Research Fellow, ASIAA (2006~2009)
  • Postdoctoral Fellow, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics – Submillimeter Array Project (2003~2006)
  • Postdoctoral Research Associateship, Jet Propulsion Lab/National Research Council (2001~2003)
  • Ph.D., Astronomy, University of Maryland (2001)
  • M.S., Astronomy, University of Maryland (1997)

Honors & Awards

  • Academia Sinica Investigator Award (2019~2023)
  • Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) Outstanding Research Award (2017)
  • Significant Research Achievements of Academia Sinica (2017)
  • Significant Research Achievements of Academia Sinica (2016)
  • Significant Research Achievements of Academia Sinica (2014)
  • Academia Sinica Career Development Award (2013~2017)
  • Significant Research Achievements of Academia Sinica (2010)
  • Significant Research Achievements of Academia Sinica (2009)
  • Significant Research Achievements of Academia Sinica (2007)
  • Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society, University of Maryland (2001)
  • Berkeley-Illinois-Maryland Association (BIMA) scholarship, Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, Taiwan (1995~1997)
  • Phi Tau Phi Scholastic Honor Society of the Republic of China, Institute of Astronomy, National Central University (1994)

Research Interests

I am interested mainly in the formation and evolution of sunlike stars. With radio observations and magneto-hydrodynamical simulations, I aim to achieve a better understanding of their physical processes. In star formation, I study the gravitational collapse of circumstellar material around protostars (baby stars), and jet and outflow interactions with the surrounding material. In stellar evolution, I study the formation mechanism of proto-planetary and planetary nebulae in order to determine the mass-loss mechanism as sunlike stars die. Hydrogen chemistry and radiative cooling have been added into our numerical codes in order to simulate jet and outflow interactions more realistically.

Recent Journal Papers

  1. Herczeg GJ; Johnstone D; Mairs S; ...; Bower GC; Chen HRV; ...; Rao R; ...; Takahashi S; Morata O; ...; Kuan YJ; ...; Lai SP; ...; Lee CF; ...; Lyo AR; ...; Scicluna P; ...; Takakuwa S; Tang YW, "How do stars gain their mass? A JCMT/SCUBA-2 Transient Survey of Protostars in Nearby Star Forming Regions" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 849(1), 43, 2017-11 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  2. Yen H-W; Takakuwa S; Chu Y-H; Hirano N; Ho PTP; Kanagawa, KD; Lee C-F; Liu HB; Liu S-Y; Matsumoto T; Matsushita S; ...; Tang Y-W; Trejo A; Wu C-J, "1000 AU Exterior Arcs Connected to the Protoplanetary Disk around HL Tau" , ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, 2017, accepted [SCI]
  3. Su Y-N; Liu S-Y; Li Z-Y; Lee C-F; Hirano N; Takakuwa S; Hsieh I-T, "The Infall Motion in the Low-mass Protostellar Binary NGC 1333 IRAS 4A1/4A2" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 885, 2019-11 [SCI]
  4. Lee C-F; Li Z-Y;Turner NJ, "Spiral structures in an embedded protostellar disk driven by envelope accretion" , NATURE ASTRONOMY: 466, 2019-10 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  5. Codella C; Ceccarelli C; Lee C-F; et al., "The HH 212 Interstellar Laboratory: Astrochemistry as a Tool To Reveal Protostellar Disks on Solar System Scales around a Rising Sun" , ACS EARTH AND SPACE CHEMISTRY: 3(10), 2110-2121, 2019-10 [SCI]
  6. Yen H-W; Gu P-G; Hirano N; Koch PM; Lee C-F; Liu HB; Takakuwa S, "HL Tau Disk in HCO+ (3-2) and (1-0) with ALMA: Gas Density, Temperature, Gap, and One-arm Spiral" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 880(2), 69 (18 pp.), 2019-08 [SCI]
  7. Lee C-F; Kwon W; Jhan K-S; Hirao N; ...; SP Lai; ...; Rao R; Ho PTP, "A Pseudodisk Threaded with a Toroidal and Pinched Poloidal Magnetic Field Morphology in the HH 211 Protostellar System" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 879(2), 101 (12 pp.), 2019-07 [SCI]
  8. Lee C-F; Codella C; Li Z-Y; Liu SY, "First Abundance Measurement of Organic Molecules in the Atmosphere of HH 212 Protostellar Disk" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 876(1), 63 (9 pp.), 2019-05 [SCI]
  9. Wang J-W; Lai S-P; Eswaraiah C; ...; Koch PM; ...; Lee C-F; ...; Liu S-Y; ...; Chen HR; ...; Kemper F; ...; Rao R, et al., "JCMT BISTRO Survey: Magnetic Fields within the Hub-filament Structure in IC 5146" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 876(1), 42 (19 pp.), 2019-05 [SCI]
  10. Eden DJ; Liu T; Kim K-T; ...; Liu S-Y; ...; Hirano N; ...; Koch PM; ...; Chu YH; ...; Lai SP; Lee C-F; ...; Morata O; ...; Pech G; ...; Shang H; ...; Tang YW; et al., "SCOPE: SCUBA-2 Continuum Observations of Pre-protostellar Evolution - survey description and compact source catalogue" , MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY: 485(2), 2895-2908, 2019-05 [SCI]
  11. Liu JH; Qiu KP; Berry D; ...; Koch PM; ...; Lai SP; ...; Chen HRV; Fanciullo L; ... Kemper F; ...; Lee C-F; ...; Liu SY; ...; Rao R; ...; Tang Y-W; ...; Yen HW; et al., "The JCMT BISTRO Survey: The Magnetic Field in the Starless Core ρ Ophiuchus C" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 877(1), 43 (17 pp.), 2019-05 [SCI]
  12. Yen H-W; Takakuwa S; Gu P-G; Hirano N; Lee C-F; Liu HB; Liu SY; Wu CJ, "Signs of outflow feedback from a nearby young stellar object on the protostellar envelope around HL Tauri" , ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS: 623, A96 (20 pp.), 2019-03 [SCI]
  13. Sahu D; Liu S-Y; Sue Y-N; ...; Lee C-F ; Hirano N; Takakuwa S, "Implications of a Hot Atmosphere/Corino from ALMA Observations toward NGC 1333 IRAS 4A1" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 872(2), 196 (14pp), 2019-02 [SCI]
  14. Yen H-W; Zhao B; Hsieh I-T; Koch P; Krasnopolsky R; Lee C-F; Li Z-Y; Liu S-Y; Ohashi N; Takakuwa S; Tang Y-W; et al., "JCMT POL-2 and ALMA Polarimetric Observations of 6000─100 au Scales in the Protostar B335: Linking Magnetic Field and Gas Kinematics in Observations and MHD Simulations" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 871(2), 243 (18 pp.), 2019-02 [SCI]
  15. Hsieh T.-H., Hirano N., Belloche A., Lee C.-F., Aso Y., Lai S.-P., "ALMA Observations of the Protostellar Disk around the VeLLO IRAS 16253–2429" , The Astrophysical Journal: 871(1) 100, 2019-01 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  16. Zapata LA; Fernández-López M; Rodríguez LF; ...; Lee C-F; et al., "ALMA Reveals a Collision between Protostellar Outflows in BHR 71" , The Astronomical Journal: 156(5), 239, 2018-11 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  17. Lee C-F; Hwang H-C; Ching T-C; Hirano N; Lai S-P; Rao R; Ho PTP, "Unveiling a magnetized jet from a low-mass protostar" , Nature Communications: 9(1), 4636, 2018-11 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  18. Codella C; Bianchi E; Tabone B; Lee CF; et al., "Water and interstellar complex organics associated with the HH 212 protostellar disc" , Astronomy & Astrophysics: 617, A10, 2018-09 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  19. Lee C-F; Li Z-Y; Hirano N; Shang H; Ho PTP; et al., "ALMA Observations of the Very Young Class 0 Protostellar System HH211-mms: A 30 au Dusty Disk with a Disk Wind Traced by SO?" , The Astrophysical Journal: 863(1), 94, 2018-08 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  20. Sahu D; Minh YC; Lee C-F; Liu S-Y; et al., "Deuterated Formaldehyde in the low mass protostar HH212" , MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY: 475(4), 5322-5329, 2018-04 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  21. Lee CF; Li ZY; Codella C; Ho PTP; Podio L; Hirano N; Shang H; et al., "A 100 au Wide Bipolar Rotating Shell Emanating from the HH 212 Protostellar Disk: A Disk Wind?" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 856(1), 14, 2018-03 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  22. Lee CF; Li, ZY; Ching, TC; Lai, SP; Yang, HF, "ALMA Dust Polarization Observations of Two Young Edge-on Protostellar Disks" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 854(1), 56, 2018-02 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  23. Liu T; Kim K-T; Juvela M; ...; Liu S-Y; ...; Koch PM; ...; Hirano N; ...; Chen H-R; Lee C-F; ...; Morata O; ...; Shang H; ...; Tang Y-W; et al., "The TOP-SCOPE Survey of Planck Galactic Cold Clumps: Survey Overview and Results of an Exemplar Source, PGCC G26.53+0.17" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL SUPPLEMENT SERIES: 234(2), 28, 2018-02 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  24. Sahai R; Lee C-F; Sanchez Contreras C; et al., "A molecular-line study of the interstellar bullet engine IRAS 05506+2414" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 850(2), 158, 2017-12 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  25. Lee C-F; Ho PTP; Li Z-Y; Hirano N; Zhang Q; Shang H, "A Rotating Protostellar Jet Launched from the Innermost Disk of HH 212" , Nature Astronomy: 1, 015, 2017-07 (Fulltext)
  26. Lee C-F; Li Z-Y; Ho PTP; Hirano N; Zhang Q; Shang H, "Formation and Atmosphere of Complex Organic Molecules of the HH 212 Protostellar Disk" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 843(1), 27, 2017-07 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  27. Phan-Bao N; Bessell MS; Nguyen-Thanh D; Martín EL; Ho PTP; Lee CF; et al, "Detection of lithium in nearby young late-M dwarfs" , ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS: 600, A19, 2017-04 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  28. Lee C-F; Li Z-Y; Ho PTP; Hirano N; Zhang Q; Shang H, "First detection of equatorial dark dust lane in a protostellar disk at submillimeter wavelength" , Science Advances: 3(4), e1602935, 2017-04 (Fulltext)
  29. Tafalla M; Su Y-N; Shang H; ...; Lee C-F; Hirano N; Wang L-Y, "Anatomy of the internal bow shocks in the IRAS 04166+2706 protostellar jet" , ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS: 597, A119, 2017-01 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  30. Yen HW; Koch PM ; Liu HY B; Puspitaningrum E; Hirano N; Lee CF; Takakuwa S, "Stacking Spectra in Protoplanetary Disks: Detecting Intensity Profiles from Hidden Molecular Lines in HD163296" , Astrophysical Journal Letters: 832(2), 204, 2016-12 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  31. Moraghan A; Lee C-F; Huang P-S; Vaidya, Bhargav, "A study of the wiggle morphology of HH 211 through numerical simulations" , MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY: 460(2), 1829-1838, 2016-08 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  32. Lee C-F; Hwang H-C; Li Z-Y,, "Angular momentum loss in the envelope-disk transition region of HH 111 protostellar system: evidence for magnetic braking?" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 826(2), 213, 2016-08 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  33. Yen H-W;Liu HY; Gu P-G;Hirano N; Lee C-F ; Puspitaningrum E; Takakuwa S, "Gas Gaps in the Protoplanetary Disk around the Young Protostar HL Tau" , Astrophysical Journal Letters: 820(2), L25, 2016-04 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  34. Huang P-S; Lee C-F; Moraghan A; Smith M, "The Shaping of the Multipolar Pre-planetary Nebula CRL 618 by Multidirectional Bullets" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 820(2), 134, 2016-04 [SCI]
  35. Su KYL; Rieke GH; Defrére D; Wang K-S; Lai S-P; ...; Lee C-F, "The Inner Debris Structure in the Fomalhaut Planetary System" , The Astrophysical Journal: 818(1), 45, 2016-02 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  36. Jhan K-S; Lee C-F, "A Multi-Epoch SMA Study of the HH 211 Protostellar Jet: Jet Motion and Knot Formation" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 816(1), 32, 2016-01 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  37. Podio L; Codella C; Gueth F; ...; Lee C-F; et al., "The jet and the disk of the HH 212 low-mass protostar imaged by ALMA: SO and SO2 emission" , ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS: 581, A85, 2015-09 [SCI]
  38. ALMA Partnership, Brogan, C.L., ..., Lee, C.-F., .. , "First results from high angular resolution ALMA observations toward the HL Tau region" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 808(1), id. L3 (10 pp.), 2015-07 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  39. ALMA Partnership; Brogan CL; ...; Matsushita S; ...; Takahashi S; Lee C-F; ...; Takakuwa S; ...; Liu H-Y; et al., "The 2014 ALMA Long Baseline Campaign: First Results from High Angular Resolution Observations toward the HL Tau Region" , Astrophysical Journal Letters: 808, L3, 2015-07 [SCI]
  40. Lee C-F; Hirano N; Zhang Q; Shang H; Ho PTP; et al.,, "Jet motion, Internal Working Surfaces, and Nested Shells in the Protostellar System HH 212" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 805, 186, 2015-06 [SCI]
  41. Lee, C.-F.; Rao, R. ; Ching, Tao-Chung; Lai, S.-P.; Hirano, N. ; Ho, P. T. P.; Hwang, H.-C., "Magnetic Field Structure in the Flattened Envelope and Jet in the Young Protostellar System HH 211" , Astrophysical Journal Letters: 797, L9-12, 2014-12 [SCI]
  42. Phan-Bao, N., Chin-Fei Lee, Ho, & P.T.P., "Characterization of Molecular Outflows in the Substellar Domain" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 795, 70-76, 2014-11 [SCI]
  43. Lee, C.-F.; Hirano, N.; Zhang, Q.; Shang, H.; Ho, P. T. P.; Krasnopolsky, R., "ALMA Results of the Pseudodisk, Rotating Disk, and Jet in the Continuum and HCO+ in the Protostellar System HH 212" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 786, 114-125, 2014-05 [SCI]
  44. Phan-Bao, N., Lee, C.-F., Ho, & P.T.P; Martin, E.L., "Submillimeter Array observations of the proto brown dwarf candidate SSTB213 J041757 " , MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY: 564, 32-38, 2014-04 [SCI]
  45. Wang, Liang-Yao; Shang, Hsien; Su, Yu-Nung; Santiago-García, Joaquín; Tafalla, Mario; Zhang, Qizhou; Hirano, Naomi; Lee, Chin-Fei, "Molecular Jet of IRAS 04166+2706" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 780, 49, 2014-01 [SCI]
  46. Lee, C.F., Sahai, R., Sanchez Contreras, C., Huang, P.-S., & Tay, J.J.H., "Multiple Fast Molecular Outflows in the PPN CRL 618" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 777, 37, 2013-11 [SCI]
  47. Lee, C.F. , Yang, C.-H., Sahai, R., & Sanchez Contreras, C., "Mapping the Central Region of the PPN CRL 618 at Sub-arcsecond Resolution at 350 GHz" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 770, 153, 2013-06 [SCI]
  48. Chen, X., Arce, H.G., Zhang, Q., Bourke, T. L., Launhardt, R., Jorgensen, J.K., Lee, C.F. , Foster, J.B. et al, "SMA Observations of Class 0 Protostars: A High-Angular Resolution Survey of Protostellar Binary Systems" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 768, 110-140, 2013-05 [SCI]
  49. Yang CH ; Lee CF , "A Remodel of the Envelope around the 21 μm Protoplanetary Nebula IRAS 07134+1005" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 744(2), 117, 2012-01 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  50. Lee CF, "A rotating disk in the HH 111 Protostellar system" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 741(1), 62, 2011-09 [SCI]
  51. Hsu MC; Lee CF , "An Envelope Disrupted by A Quadrupolar Outflow in the Pre-Planatery Nebula IRAS 19475+3119" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 736(1), 30-38, 2011-07 [SCI]
  52. Phan-Bao N;Lee CF ;Ho PTP; & Tang YW , "Molecular Outflows in the Substellar Domain: Millimeter Observations of Young Very Low Mass Objects in Taurus and ρ Ophiuchi" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 735(1), 15-18, 2011-07 [SCI]
  53. Lee CF, "A Change of Rotation Profile in the Envelope in the HH 111 Protostellar System: A Transition" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 725(1), 712-720, 2010-12 [SCI]
  54. Hirano N; Ho PTP; Liu SY; Shang H; Lee CF;et al., "Extreme active molecular jets in L1448C" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 717(1), 58-73, 2010-07 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  55. Lee C-F; Hasegawa TI; Hirano N; Palau A; Shang H; Ho PTP; Zhang Q, "The Reflection-Symmetric Wiggle of the Young Protostellar Jet HH211" , Astrophysical Journal: 713(2), 731-737, 2010-04 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  56. Lee CF; Hirano N; ...; Ho PTP; ...; Shang H, "Rotation and Outflow motions in the very low-mass Class 0 protostellar system HH 211 at subarcsecond resolution" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 699(2), 1584-1594, 2009-07 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  57. Lee CF; Hsu MC; Sahai R, "Collimated Fast Wind in the Preplanetary Nebula CRL 618" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 696(2), 1630-1639, 2009-05 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  58. Lee CF; Mao YY; Reipurth B, "Infall and rotation motions in the HH 111 protostellar system: A flattened envelope in transition to a disk?" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 694(2), 1395-1401, 2009-04 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  59. Phan-Bao N; ...; Lee CF; Tang YW; Ho PTP; ...; Lim J; Ohashi N; Shang H, "First Confirmed Detection of a Bipolar Molecular Outflow from a Young Brown Dwarf" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 689(2), L141-L144, 2008-12 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  60. Lee CF; Ho PTP; ...; Hirano N; Shang H; et al., "SiO shocks of the protostellar jet HH 212: A search for jet rotation" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 685(2), 1026-1032, 2008-10 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  61. Yeh SCC; Hirano N; ...; Ho PTP; Lee CF; Ohashi N; Takakuwa S, "The CO Molecular Outflows of IRAS 16293-2422 Probed by the Submillimeter Array" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 675(1), 454-463, 2008-03 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  62. Lee CF; Ho PTP; Palau A; Hirano N; Bourke TL; Shang H; Zhang Q, "Submillimeter Arcsecond-Resolution Mapping of the Highly Collimated Protostellar Jet HH211" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 670(2), 1188-1197, 2007-12 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  63. Lee CF; Ho PTP; Beuther H; Bourke TL; Hirano N; Shang H; Zhang Q, "HH212: SMA Observations of a Remarkable Protostellar Jet" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 659(1), 499-511, 2007-04 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  64. Jorgensen JK; Bourke TL; Myers PC; Di Francesco J; van Dishoeck EF; Lee CF; Ohashi N; Schoier FL; Takakuwa S; Wilner DJ; Zhang Q, "PROSAC: A Submillimeter Array Survey of Low-Mass Protostars I. Overview of Program: Envelopes, Disks, Outflows, and hot Cores" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 659(1), 479-498, 2007-04 [SCI] (Fulltext)
  65. Lee CF; Ho PTP; White SM, "Molecular Line Observations of IRAM 04191+1522" , ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL: 619(2), 948-958, 2005-02 [SCI] (Fulltext)
TEL: 886-2-3365-2200 FAX: 886-2-2367-7849
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